"THE COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE OF WOMEN COULD SAVE THE WORLD"
A simple story lies at the heart of our current economic system. It is a story of separation between humanity and nature. This story creates alienation, lack of belonging, fear and the need to control. Living this story ultimately makes us see through a lens of scarcity and competition for limited resources. Instead of living well within planetary boundaries and in collaborative abundance shared between all of humanity and life as a whole, we have chosen a path of trying to predict, control, manipulate and exploit nature as if we were somehow separate from life’s life-sustaining cycles that maintain this planet in habitable conditions for complex organisms like us. Diana Leafe Christian
Rather than maximizing isolated parameters for the benefit of a select few, a re-design of our economic system to serve all of humanity and all life will have to optimize the health and resilience of the system as a whole (understanding humanity as nature; and the economy as a sub-system of society and nature in interconnected eco-social systems).
‘Intersectionality is a lens through which you can see where power comes and collides, where it interlocks and intersects. It’s not simply that there’s a race problem here, a gender problem here, and a class or LBGTQ problem there…’ The theory of intersectionality was introduced to feminist theory in 1989 by Kimberlé Crenshaw. It speaks to the cumulative way in which multiple forms of discrimination (such as racism, sexism, classism, ableism) combine and intersect, particularly in the experiences of marginalized individuals or groups. Kimberlé Crenshaw
It was a theme she had on a scheme he had
Told in a foreign land
To take life on earth to the second birth
And the man was in command
It was a flight on the wings of a young girl's dreams
That flew too far away
“Two pillars hold up the sky,” is an old Chinese proverb. Lacking the full and free participation of both men and women, humanity careens upon its current unsustainable trajectory. Our urgent correction course lies in guaranteeing the influence of the female voice which lent stability and justice to tribal societies.
Kropotkin, like Marx and Engels, was not satisfied with developing a blueprint for a future society; he believed it had to be shown to accord with the latest findings of science. In works like Mutual Aid (1902) and Modern Science and Anarchism (1901), he set out to root his political ideas in modern ideas about evolution. In this, he was directly opposing the views of 'Social Darwinists' like T.H. Huxley and Herbert Spencer, who argued that Darwin's research supported the view that all forms of life were driven by a competitive 'struggle for existence' between organisms, a struggle in which only the fittest survived. Kropotkin, in contrast, argued that this view neglected another type of struggle, also present in Darwin's works, between organisms and the environment; and in this struggle mutual aid was one of the most effective means of survival.
David Priestland's introduction to 'The Conquest of Bread' by Peter Kropotkin.
Data, algorithms and systems have biases embedded within them reflecting designers’ implicit and explicit choices, historical biases and societal priorities.
… I became committed to notions of how categories of gender, race and class, and their associated social and economic functions, were not essential or natural, but were products of historical and material arrangements and power/knowledge formations... If things were socially constructed, they could be re-constructed: social change was possible..
WEALTH UNDERSTOOD HOLISTICALLY IS PRIMARILY EXPRESSED IN THE HEALTH OF THE WHOLE SYSTEM.
Daniel Christian Wahl, Author of 'Designing Regenerative Futures'
There are low numbers of women in science, technology, engineering, and maths (STEM), yet, according to a new study from the University of Washington, when given the chance to build a robot, six-year-old girls and boys have the exact same response - equal interest, equal confidence, and an equal amount of fun.
'China in your hand...'
A Brief History of Women in Computing
Women invented the field. Then men pushed them out of it.
if white men are teaching machines what is the impact to all of society?
AI will not necessarily be worse than human-operated systems at making predictions and guiding decisions. On the contrary, engineers are optimistic that AI can help to detect and reduce human bias and prejudice. But studies indicate that in some current contexts, the downsides of AI systems disproportionately affect groups that are already disadvantaged by factors such as race, gender and socio-economic background.
…As online platforms strip away civil rights protections intended to correct biases in earlier forms of communication, it serves as an example of the dangerous tendency of our current, and supposedly progressive, technologies to recreate discriminatory patterns of the past. Indeed, these problems fit a pattern in the long trajectory of the history of technology.
…Facebook allows the targeting of job ads by gender, resulting in discrimination in online job advertisements for traditionally male-dominated jobs from construction to policing. The practice has long been illegal in traditional print media – but Facebook’s targeting tools encourage it. Not only can this affect whether women and non-binary people can see ads; it also affects male job-seekers who are older and therefore viewed as less desirable by many employers.
…The refusal to talk about computing’s failures in the past has not served us, or present-day computing, well. Rather, it has hidden problems that have plagued the field since its inception. Facebook’s discriminatory practices towards female users in everything from job advertisements to harassment can be traced back to its predecessor, the beta site set up by Mark Zuckerberg while at Harvard that stole female undergrads’ pictures from internal Harvard servers. The site, known as Facemash, objectified the women for an audience invited to rate their relative attractiveness.
…Much of the anti-racist and anti-sexist legislation of the 20th century has been invisibly rolled back by tech infrastructures that invite users to see their online actions as unmoored from real life – whether in the realm of hate speech or job advertisements... Companies like Facebook cannot be allowed to divide and conquer by gender, race, sexuality, age, disability, or any other number of categories people have fought to protect by law as deserving of equal rights. Marie Hicks, Why tech’s gender problem is nothing new
An early example of algorithmic bias resulted in as many as 60 women and ethnic minorities denied entry to St. George's Hospital Medical School IN LONDON per year from 1982 to 1986, based on implementation of a new computer-guidance assessment system that denied entry to women and men with "foreign-sounding names" based on historical trends in admissions.
THE CODED GAZE
Joy Buolamwini uses this term to refer to exclusion and algorithmic bias. Calls for tech inclusion often miss the bias that is embedded in written code. She thinks social change should be made a priority - not an afterthought, and suggests the following:
Developing conscientiously – thinking about the social impact of the technology we’re developing.
HOW we code
WHY we code
Control should be understood as the logical basis of a worldview that imbricates literal practices of computation, the new organizational and infrastructural concepts these practices facilitate, and metaphors derived from the electronic digital computer and its processes with a system of value production that can produce profit only by exploiting and dispossessing human life.
Seb Franklin, author of Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic
When I joined Uber, the organization I was part of was over 25% women. By the time I was trying to transfer to another engineering organization, this number had dropped down to less than 6%... On my last day a I calculated the percentage of women who were still in the organisation. Out of over 150 engineers in the SRE teams, only 3% were women.
As Agamben makes clear, communication has detached itself from political ideals of belonging and connection to function today as a primarily economic form. Differently put, communicative exchanges, rather than being fundamental to democratic politics, are the basic elements of capitalist production. /// Jodi Dean, Communicative Capitalism: Circulation and the Foreclosure of Politics ○
… The silicon chip is a surface for writing; it is etched in molecular scales disturbed only by atomic noise, the ultimate interference for nuclear scores. Writing, power, and technology are old partners in Western stories of the origin of civilization, but miniaturization has changed our experience of mechanism. Miniaturization has turned out to be about power; small is not so much beautiful as pre-eminently dangerous, as in cruise missiles… Our best machines are made of sunshine; they are all light and clean because they are nothing but signals, electromagnetic waves, a section of a spectrum, and these machines are eminently portable, mobile — a matter of immense human pain... People are nowhere near so fluid, being both material and opaque...
Donna Haraway, 'A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century'
The Future Was at Her Fingertips
Aleksandra Domanović’s exhibition was in part a select history of the role women have played in developing computer technologies – starting from Ada Lovelace writing of the first computer program in 1843, to Olia Lialina’s contributions to mid-nineties net-art.
Microsoft is deleting its AI chatbot's incredibly racist tweets
Microsoft's AI chatbot, Tay, went off the rails in 2016, posting a deluge of incredibly racist messages after racists, trolls, and online troublemakers spotted a vulnerability in the software. Tay was meant to learn from conversation to get progressively smarter. Business Insider UK
Apple's first diversity report shows company to be mostly male & white. While globally tech industry 80% MALE
What is the epistemological impact of colonial, exclusionary ontologies?... My thinking about this works from an understanding of colonialism as not just settler colonialism but a global, physical, psychological, and intellectual process...
As Science, Technology, and Society studies have begun to take as axiomatic ... absolute objectivity does not exist, but rather science and society craft one another...
So, let us ask the simple question: why does universality mean so much to us? And in connection: what is the relationship between universality and objectivity? Can we think of optimization rather than perfection, Against Purity, as Alexis Shotwell puts it in her recent book?...
Women hold just 9% of the wealth linked to shares in tech startups…
Much of that imbalance is due to the paucity of venture-backed female founders and the value of the firms they lead. Women represent just 13% of all the founders in Carta's database. And their share of the total value of founder-held shares is only 6%. "There's just a disproportionately low amount of capital going to back women." Business Insider UK
Artificial intelligence presents a cultural shift as much as a technical one.
Decades after physicists happened upon a stunning mathematical coincidence, researchers are getting close to understanding the link between two seemingly unrelated geometric universes.
We will need to actively co-create in pluralistic communities where those trained in specific domains of knowledge are partnered with transdisciplinary scholars who specialize in facilitating knowledge synthesis. These are the new-and-improved generalists of a bygone era. They are fully human as networked ecosystems of people learning together using tools, theoretical frameworks, and social practices that are incentivized for collective intelligence.
Derivative from old English ‘gelang’, ‘belong’ meant at hand, together with. Perhaps by considering where and how we belong we might question ownership, to be held by - to belong to - and instead look to inclusion, to belong with. →←
… Emergent eventalization — correlative both to Badiou’s usage and to a Foucauldian polyhedral causality — can be seen in the schooling of fish: no single fish determines a school’s path, but thousands of tiny, instantaneous behavioral feedback loops between thousands of fish result in what appears to be an intricately choreographed swarm. Such a swarm formation, akin to Badiou’s description of the event as a “one-multiple,” a macroentity made up of multiple smaller entities, arises from a multiplicity of causal inputs that coalesce in a nonlinear fashion: one moment the fish are distributed without apparent order, the next moment they swarm in response to their internal conditions, inputs from environmental pressures, and the actions of their immediate neighbors. Such a catalytic event reflects more than a simple model of linear cause and effect, reflecting instead what Foucault termed “polyhedral” or multidimensional systemic inputs.
Jason Hoelscher, 'Autopoietic Art Systems and Aesthetic Swarms'
... THE MORE WOMEN IN THE GROUP, THE HIGHER THE GROUP'S IQ... THE LINK BETWEEN SOCIAL SENSITIVITY AND COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE IS STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT. FLI
Every bounce of the droplet leaves a mark in the form of ripples, and these ripples chaotically but deterministically influence the droplet’s future bounces and lead to quantum-like statistical outcomes. The more path memory a given fluid exhibits — that is, the less its ripples dissipate — the crisper and more quantum-like the statistics become.
Nathalie Wolver, 'Fluid Tests Hint at Quantum Reality', Quanta Magazine
… Cell walls of biological tissue contain countless proteins and fat molecules which are electrical dipoles. When a cell is at rest, these dipoles are out of phase and arrange themselves in a haphazard way. But when they are stimulated they begin to oscillate or jiggle intensely and broadcast a tiny microwave signal. Frolich found that when the energy flowing through the cell reaches a certain critical level, all the cell wall molecular dipoles line up and come into phase. They oscillate in unison as though they are suddenly coordinated. This emergent quantum field is a Bose-Einstein condensate and has holistic properties common to any quantum field. Consciousness works in a similar matter… A Quantum Mechanical Model of the Brain and Consciousness | Granville Dharmawardena
GIVEN THE UNIQUE, TECHNOGENIC DANGERS THAT HAUNT THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY, WE NEED THE SMARTEST GROUPS POSSIBLE TO TACKLE THE PROBLEMS POSED BY EXISTENTIAL RISKS. WE NEED GROUPS COMPRISED OF WOMEN.
on x-risks research...
Simply invite women from other intellectually demanding fields, where the proportion of women is high... There may be a higher proportion of women statisticians than mathematicians, or there may be higher proportion of women biologists than physicists. Just because women chose to go, say, to biology doesn’t mean that they have no intellectual ability or interest to think abstractly about other issues from other fields.
In order to find such women, one thing to do could be to deliberately distribute questionnaires to women working in these other intellectually demanding fields to find out what other things (apart from profession) they are generally interested in. Then, simply invite random women with matching interests to join conferences, etc., when the proportion of men is crossing a threshold. Mindey's response to FLI article
The thing to remember about HTML, though, is that Tim was not trying to redesign the world. He was trying to do a quick thing for a very particular context - a physics lab. The beauty of HTML was that one-way linking made it very simple to spread because you could put something up and take no responsibility whatsoever. And that creates a society in which people display no responsibility whatsoever. Thats' the problem.
Jaron Lanier on Tim Berners-Lee
I do not know of any other time in history when there was greater need for political unity to confront effectively the dominations of 'race', 'gender', 'sexuality', and 'class'. I also do not know of any other time when the kind of unity we might help build could have been possible. None of 'us' have any longer the symbolic or material capability of dictating the shape of reality to any of 'them'. Or at least 'we' cannot claim innocence from practicing such dominations... Cyborg feminists have to argue that 'we' do not want any more natural matrix of unity and that no construction is whole. Innocence, and the corollary insistence on victimhood as the only ground for insight, has done enough damage. But the constructed revolutionary subject must give late-twentieth-century people pause as well. In the fraying of identities and in the reflexive strategies for constructing them, the possibility opens up for weaving something other than a shroud for the day after the apocalypse that so prophetically ends salvation history.
Pioneered in the late 1940s by a group of specialists in fields ranging from biology to engineering to social sciences, cybernetics was concerned with the study of communication and control systems in living beings and machines. The interest in how systems work is reflected in the etymology of cybernetic, which comes from the Greek word kubernētēs (κυβερνᾶν), ‘steersman’, from kubernan ‘to steer’.
In 'Women in AI… more than just names for personal assistants', Valentina Milanova asks, Should artificial intelligence remain a privilege for data scientists and PhDs?
We live in turbulent times. Every day we wake up to a new story of corruption in the
newspapers. Of course we're angry. But this indignation is useless if there is no alternative.
Mutualism relates to long-term interactions - the ‘long’ in ‘belong’ is duration through time. Within symbiosis, mutualism is understood as a phenomenon in which different species benefit from their interactions with each other.
Contact theory shows interaction between members of different groups reduces intergroup prejudice.
What we're doing is establishing boundaries where really there's a close connection. David Bohm
FOR A SUCCESSFUL TECHNOLOGY REALITY MUST TAKE PRECEDENCE OVER PUBLIC RELATIONS FOR NATURE CANNOT BE FOOLED.
WHAT WAS ONCE ASKED OF ARCHITECTURE, THOUGH, IS NOW ACCOMPLISHED BY OTHER MEANS, BOTH INFORMATIONAL AND COMPUTATIONAL. NOW THE PRESENCE AND VEHICULAR MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE AND OBJECTS THROUGH GLOBAL SPACE IS TIGHTLY INTEGRATED WITH AN INFRASTRUCTURE OF SOFTWARE...
Speed and Politics, Paul Virillio
How will we enforce the laws against systemic bias - of gender, race, ethnicity, disability?... With AI there will be great winners and great losers; all of us will be affected in many ways... A completely free market is unlikely to maximise social benefits and quality of life.
Martyn Thomas, Professor of IT at Gresham College
'Ai knows how we're feeling... Applications of this tech range from cuddly to downright sinister.'
The destruction of humankind may be some way off, but the warning signs today around ethics in AI are already ringing alarm bells. Just in the past month, machine learning algorithms have taken flak for proactively suggesting bomb-making components to Amazon shoppers, perpetuating gender inequalities in employment advertising, and spreading hate messages through social media...
But ethics isn’t the only domain where questions around AI and human well being have been raised. AI is already creating a significant emotional impact on humans. Despite this, emotion has been largely neglected as a topic of research in AI. A casual look at the Web of Science academic database throws up 3,542 peer-reviewed articles on AI in the past two years. Only 43 of them — a mere 1.2 percent — contain the word “emotion.” Even fewer actually describe research on emotion in AI. When thinking about the Singularity, it seems that emotion should be addressed when considering cognitive architecture in intelligent machines. Yet 99 percent of AI research seems to disagree.
IN THE PAST TWO YEARS ONLY 1.2% OF PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES ON AI CONTAIN THE WORD "EMOTION"
Joseph Weizenbaum lays out the case why we should never allow computers to make important decisions because they will always lack human qualities such as compassion and wisdom. Weizenbaum makes the crucial distinction between deciding and choosing. Deciding is a computational activity, something that can ultimately be programmed. It is the capacity to choose that ultimately makes us human. Choice, however, is the product of judgment, not calculation. Comprehensive human judgment is able to include non-mathematical factors such as emotions.
The systemic in systemic oppression is not an accident. The prison complex is not just black and hispanic men being locked up in prison, it is black and brown children being criminalised by teachers starting in pre-school, pushed out of eduction and into juvenile detention by high school, locked out of legal employment, sent to for-profit prisons with no focus on education or rehabilitation, sent back into society with even bleaker prospects, then re-arrested and denied the vote...
These systems also interact with and feed off each other. Racism will strengthen gender oppression against women of colour. Classism will strengthen racism against poor people of colour and sexism against poor women, and so on.
Systemic oppression is built throughout all of our most important systems - our education system, our workplaces, our government, our arts and entertainment. It is in the air that we breathe and it is upheld with almost every action we take. That is how it has lasted so long...
What we have today is a very complex and enduring system of multiple oppressions designed to reinforce and interact with each other in a way that makes it impossible to address one and not the other. We need to start treating our social justice efforts with the respect that we treat other large endeavours in our society. This is not just the realm of knoble dreams. This is the realm of complex systems... Ijeoma Oluo
The notion that exponential advances in technology necessarily lead to transformative leaps has been questioned. 'If we had computers a trillion times faster we wouldn’t have human-level AI... one might say we’d just get wrong answers a trillion times sooner. What matters are real conceptual and algorithmic breakthroughs, which are very hard to predict.' He says it is important not to ignore the ways that technologies could be taken in potentially harmful directions with profound results. 'We made this mistake with fossil-fuel technologies 100 years ago — now it’s probably too late.'
To imagine the future, we should perhaps start from the more or less recent past… The young artist of tomorrow will, I believe, have to go still further… to bring to light startling new values which are - and will always be - the basis of artistic revolutions.
... Through their close connection with the law of supply and demand the visual arts have become a 'commodity'; the work of art is now a commonplace product like soap and securities.
… Conditioned by too many factors foreign to art per se, this time will bring a revolution on the ascetic level, of which the general public will not even be aware and which only a few initiates will develop on the fringe of a world blinded by economic fireworks.
The great artist of tomorrow will go underground.
Marcel Duchamp, first published in the Duchamp issue of Studio International, 1975
In a holographic universe, even time and space could be no longer viewed as fundamentals. Because concepts such as location break down in a universe in which nothing is truly separate from anything else.
David Bohm (1980) The Holographic Universe
Many of the concerns our societies have with regards to artificial intelligence have to do with fairness, privacy and ethics — all incredibly complex moral philosophy problems. In order to find the best formula for human-robot interactions, we need to make sure that we have cracked the female inclusion equation first.
The end of sexual harassment and violence against women requires a mighty feminist movement willing to go beyond hashtags and individual testimony — crucial as both are — to a tenacious and organized force capable of eliminating the power difference between men and women. Carol Hanisch, ‘Reflections on #MeToo, From a Founder of the Women’s Liberation Movement’
The issue is not any more of abandoning the state, government or planning, but making them part of new systems of feedback that will draw upon – and constitute – collective intelligence. A movement that can replace global capitalism does not need centralisation, but it will require co-ordination. What form will this co-ordination take? How can different autonomous struggles work together? These are the crucial questions we must ask as we begin to build the post-capitalist world.
The future is still ours: autonomy and post-capitalism (2011) Mark Fisher
The notion that all these fragments is separately existent is evidently an illusion... this way of life has brought about pollution, destruction of the balance of nature, over-population, world-wide economic and political disorder and the creation of an overall environment that is neither physically nor mentally healthy for most of the people who live in it.
David Bohm (1980) Holographic Universe - Wholeness and the Implicate Order
The Ginkgo is a living fossil.
Tracing back 270 million years, to the time of dinosaurs,
it was also the first tree to grow after the
atomic bomb at Hiroshima.
The living membrane we so recklessly destroy is existence itself. Julia Whitty
It was a flight on the wings of a young girl's dreams
That flew too far away
Don't push too far your dreams are china in your hand
Don't wish too hard, because they may come true
And you can't help them
You don't know what you might have set upon yourself
China in your hand
Women in AI want to close the gender gap in the field of Artificial Intelligence and become the reference actor who help companies and events source more female experts in AI - Link
Code Liberation catalyzes the creation of digital games and creative technologies by women, nonbinary, femme, and girl-identifying people to diversify STEAM fields - Link